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Astronomical Data Analysis Software and Systems IV

ASP Conference Series, Vol. 77, 1995

Book Editors: R. A. Shaw, H. E. Payne, and J. J. E. Hayes

Electronic Editor: H. E. Payne

**L. Pásztor**

MTA TAKI, H-1022 Budapest, Herman Ottó út 15,
Hungary

**C. Gallart, A. Aparicio, J. M. Vílchez**

IAC, Vía Láctea a/n 38200 La Laguna, Tenerife,
Spain

The Local Group dwarf irregular galaxy NGC 6822 is characterized by small dimensions and structural simplicity; its distance is about 500 kpc. The surface distribution of stars in the direction of NGC 6822 (total: 22,958 objects) came from recent position and deep photometric observations (Gallart et al. 1994 and references therein). After removing the foreground contamination (estimated by the aid of a representative comparison field located near to the galaxy) 15,343 objects retained in the sample.

Blue stars [ and ; a total of 1,631
objects] and red stars [; a total of 8,998 objects]
in the filtered sample were separated in parameter space which was accompanied by a separation
also in **2D** geometrical space (a similar effect was
published for NGC 3109 by Bresolin et al. 1993).

Our approach to group identification has been based on merely statistical tools, as opposed to recent works on similar efforts finding associations in nearby galaxies, like Bresolin et al. (1993 or Wilson (1991, 1992). The main characteristic of the present method is the subsequent refinement of point process models fitted to the sample.

Rejection of **CSR**, (complete spatial randomness; for
details on the following spatial statistical models see
Pásztor and Tóth 1995) was based on the results
of the **NNS** (nearest-neighbors statistic). Principles of **NNS**
can be summarized as follows. Consider every pair of
objects whose separation is less than a predefined limit:
The number of pairs whose distance is between and
versus their separation is a well defined
function, and widely used in point pattern analysis. This function is
the derivative of another important point process
function, the **K** function which is related to
second-order properties of point processes (for details see
Cressie 1991). For **HPP** (homogeneous Poisson point process),
the function is linear: upward deviation indicates aggregation,
while a deviation downward is due to some regularity in the point pattern.
The significance of deviation from **CSR** results from
comparisons to 100 Monte Carlo simulations of **HPP**, so the significance of
deviation from **CSR** is for every scale.

Refinement of the model was carried out by taking into
consideration the apparent large-scale structure present in
the sample. The newer 100 Monte Carlo simulations were generated as
realizations of **IPP** (inhomogeneous Poisson point process)
with fixed (and identical with that of the real sample)
marginal distributions (Pásztor et al. 1993). Result of
**NNS** (Figure.1) shows significant () clustering at
around the scales of 25, 40, 65, and 90pc, and additionally
vacancies at scales smaller than 5pc. This latter is
a resukt of an **SIP** (simple inhibition point process),
and is probably due to the limit in resolution of the
observations.

**Figure:** Identification of significant scales by **NNS**.
Original PostScript figure (249 kB)

All of the objects which dominant the
significant clustering at a given scale are thought to be
members of groups with a characteristic size comparable with
the scale value. However the number, shape, and location of
these groups is * a priori* unknown. A sequence of
non-hierarchical clustering models was carried out, providing partitions
of the sample as well as results of **PCP** (Poisson
cluster process) models. In choosing an optimum and
minimal model over the set of these competing models, an
information theoretic criterion, the **CAIC** (a more
strictly inforced version of Akaike's Information
Criterion) (Eisenblätter and Bozdogan 1988), was used
(Figure 2).

**Figure:** Model selection by the aid of **CAIC**.
Original PostScript figure (413 kB)

A final partition of the blue stars into groups (associations) on the level characterized by characteristics scale of 25, 40, 65, and 90pc can be seen on Figure 3. Circles with radii of the scale values should not be interpreted as anything but models of fuzzy sets with radii varying around these values. Th centers scattered around the centers of the resultant circles, and shapes are approximate.

**Figure:** Clustering of OB stars on scales of 25, 40, 65 and 90 pc.
Original PostScript figure (370 kB)

L. Pásztor was partially supported by the Hungarian State Research Found (Grant No. OTKA-F 4239). L. Pásztor is grateful to the Organizers of the conference and the Hungarian State Research Found for the travel grants.

Cressie, N. A. C. 1991, Statistics for Spatial Data (New York, Wiley)

Eisenblätter, D., & Bozdogan, H. 1988, in Classification and Related Methods of Data Analysis, ed. H. H. Bock (Amsterdam, North-Holland), p. 91

Gallart, C., Aparacio, A., Chiosi, C., Bertelli, G., & Vílchez, J. M. 1994, ApJ, 425, L9

Pásztor, L., Tóth, L. V., & Balázs, L. G. 1993, A&A, 268, 108

Pásztor, L., Tóth, L. V. 1995,

Wilson, C. D. 1991, AJ, 101, 1663

Wilson, C. D. 1992, ApJ, 384, L29

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