NEWSTAR is a radio astronomical data reduction package for the 45-m radio telescope and the Nobeyama Millimeter Array (NMA) of the Nobeyama Radio Observatory (NRO), Japan. Since NEWSTAR was originally developed for data reduction within NRO on Solaris, Sun and IRIX platforms, users wanting off-site access to NEWSTAR formerly had to obtain computers similar to those at NRO or access NRO machines remotely. In order to improve this situation, LINUX and HP-UX versions of NEWSTAR were created, giving users access to NEWSTAR virtually anywhere.
NEWSTAR consists of an AIPS core plus the original application. The AIPS core provides file management, mapping processes for interferometer data, and so on. The original application was designed to reduce spectral data obtained by the 45-m telescope and make data cubes from the spectral data. Users can also reduce UV-data of the NMA using NEWSTAR before further processing with AIPS.
NEWSTAR also adds graphical user interfaces (GUIs). Users can input parameters for each task from the GUI, and the parameters are saved, obviating the need for learning native AIPS commands and permitting NEWSTAR use easily without references. (Users can use still invoke native AIPS commands from the AIPS window.)
NEWSTAR has several window panels, samples of which are shown in Figure 1.
NEWSTAR also has an AIPS window permitting users to execute native AIPS commands. From the ``File List'' window, users can list, delete, rename and backup data files.
The flow of the data reduction of NEWSTAR is shown in Figure 2.
At NRO, Solaris 2.7 is adopted as the operating system of the workstations for data reduction. When users continue data reduction using NEWSTAR on other operating systems, difference of data endian should be considered. For example, in the case of LINUX, it is necessary to convert from big to little endians. The flow of the data reduction in the LINUX version is shown in the right side of Figure 2. The raw data transfered from the NRO archival system are transformed by task ``NEW ARCHV.EXE'' for LINUX. The data endian is transformed at that time. The spectral data and the map (cube) data made in the Solaris NEWSTAR are transformed to FITS files, and the FITS files are read using the LINUX version of NEWSTAR. Conversely, FITS file made in the LINUX version can be reduced under Solaris NEWSTAR.
For other operating systems, the flow of the data reduction is similar to that above.
The NEWSTAR radio astronomical data reduction software was originally developed for data reduction within NRO. By porting it to LINUX, HP-UX, and IRIX, users now have access to its data reduction capabilities in their home institutions, and the performance of NRO data reduction software has be considerably improved.
The authors would like to thank Jun Maekawa and Kiyohiko Yanagisawa for giving very useful advice. This research is supported by ``Research and Development Applying Advanced Computational Science and Technology'' of Japan Science and Technology Corporation.